Male survivors of sexual assault bibliography

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An exploration of service delivery to male survivors of sexual abuse
London : Winston Churchill Memorial Trust, 2011

This report investigates service delivery to male survivors of sexual abuse in Australia, America and Canada. It presents the findings of a Winston Churchill Travelling Fellowship, through which the author visited several programs with different service perspectives. These include: the MaleSurvivor conference; Centres Against Sexual Assault in Melbourne, Victoria, which provide services for men incorporated into existing women's services; Family Services of Peel in Toronto, Canada, a multi-service agency; and The Men's Project specialist service for men and the British Columbia Society for Male Survivors of Sexual Abuse, also in Canada. The author discusses the findings from each stage of his travels and the implications for service delivery in his own agency, the British support agency Mankind.

Care and support of male survivors of conflict-related sexual violence (PDF)
Russell W, Hilton A and Peel M
Pretoria, South Africa : Sexual Violence Research Initiative, South African Medical Research Council, 2011.

"The world is increasingly aware that armed conflict and sexual violence against women and girls often go hand in hand. However, armed conflict also brings danger of sexual violence for men and boys ... This briefing paper provides commentary on sexual violence against men and boys in conflict settings, and highlights promising programming and therapeutic approaches in the care and support of male survivors."

Community beliefs and misconceptions about male sexual assault
Duncanson K
Melbourne, Vic. : Australian Institute of Family Studies, 2013.

In recent years there has been an increase in community awareness of male sexual assault. However, there are a number of beliefs, misconceptions and assumptions about men, masculinity, sexuality and sexual assault that present barriers to male victim/survivors disclosing their experiences, gaining recognition, receiving support and accessing criminal justice. This resource sheet outlines assumptions about male sexual assault and identifies research and data which dispels these assumptions.

Dominance and symmetry in partner violence by male and female university students in 32 nations.
Straus M
Children and Youth Services Review v. 30 no. 3 Mar 2008 252-275

Drawing on data from the International Dating Violence Study, this article investigates the widely held beliefs that physical violence against partners (PV) in marital, cohabiting and dating relationships is predominately perpetrated by men, and that male dominance in the relationship is the major risk factor for PV. Results from the study sample showed that male only or female only PV occurred at roughly the same rate and that bidirectional violence, in which both partners engage in physical assault, was more prevalent. Male only violence was the least frequent pattern. Dominance by male or female partner was associated with increased probability of violence. The implications of these results for PV prevention and treatment programs are discussed.

Experience of personal violence.
Australian Bureau of Statistics
Trewin, Dennis, ed. Year book Australia 2007. Belconnen, ACT : Australian Bureau of Statistics, 2007. Year book no. 89: 338-340

This article introduces the Australian Bureau of Statistic's Personal Safety Survey, as an example of their in-depth data collection. Two diagrams were reproduced for this article, concerning people who reported experiencing violence in the preceding 12 months. The diagrams divide the results into those who experienced violence and those who did not, whether the violence was physical or sexual, and whether it was a threat or an assault, for men and for women.

Female victims of sexual violence, 1994-2010
Planty M and Langton L
Washington, DC : U.S. Dept. of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, Bureau of Justice Statistics, 2013.

"[This paper] presents trends in the rate of completed or attempted rape or sexual assault against females from 1995 to 2010. The report examines demographic characteristics of female victims of sexual violence and characteristics of the offender and incident, including victim-offender relationship, whether the offender had a weapon, and the location of the victimization. The report also examines changes over time in the percentages of female victims of sexual violence who suffered an injury and received formal medical treatment, reported the victimization to the police, and received assistance from a victim service provider. Data are from the National Crime Victimization Survey (NCVS), which collects information on nonfatal crimes, reported and not reported to the police, against persons age 12 or older from a nationally representative sample of U.S. households."

Gender and domestic violence - the gender debate in intimate partner violence. Fast facts. (PDF6.8MB)
Meyering I and Braaf R
Australian Domestic and Family Violence Clearinghouse Newsletter no. 51 Summer 2013: 10

This article presents key data describing the gendered nature of domestic violence, and the different experiences of domestic violence by men and women. It compares rates of homicide, assault, physicial violence, sexual violence, stalking, homelessness, health, and fear.

Good practice in promoting recovery and healing for abused adults
Pritchard J
London : Jessica Kingsley Publishers, 2013.

"[This book] explores the idea of 'recovery' being something physical in the short-term and 'healing' as an emotional process for long-term work. The book features chapters written by practitioners and researchers from various backgrounds and gives an insight into how to be creative in helping both male and female victims through recovery and healing processes. The prologue introduces the views of victims themselves before the opening chapter considers how recovery and healing should fit into the adult safeguarding process. The chapters then describe creative therapeutic methods which can be employed to help victims recover and to heal in different settings, whilst highlighting the long-term effects of abuse and the subsequent issues to be addressed. The issues covered range from child sexual abuse, domestic abuse and sex trafficking to the abuse of men and holocaust victims."

Living well: a guide for men (PDF)
Boyd C and Foster G
Nundah, Qld. : Living Well, 2011

This resource book for men provides information and support about dealing with the effects of childhood or recent sexual abuse. Part one features advice on living well in day to day life, such as through healthy behaviour and mindfulness techniques. Part two provides more specific information on some of the common issues faced by men dealing with child sexual abuse or adult sexual assault, including shame, anxiety, suicide, drug use, sexuality, relationships, parenting, legal options, and justice.

LivingWell's initial response to the KPMG review of Queensland Health responses to adult victims of sexual assault (PDF)
Living Well (Organisation), KPMG (Australia). Review of Queensland Health responses to adult victims of sexual assault.
Nundah, Qld. : LivingWell, Spiritus Kinections, 2009.

The recent 'Review of Queensland Health responses to adult victims of sexual assault' by KPMG identified that there were no Queensland Health funded service for male victims - describing this situation as untenable and in need of urgent attention. LivingWell welcomes this review and sets out some of the issues for delivering services to men and improving disclosure by male victims of sexual assault. This is an initial response by LivingWell to Queensland Health's 'review of the review' consultation process.

National Prison Rape Elimination Commission report (PDF)
United States. National Prison Rape Elimination Commission
Washington, D.C. : National Prison Rape Elimination Commission, 2009

The National Prison Rape Elimination Commission was established by the United States Congress to help protect incarcerated individuals from sexual abuse. The Commission was to study the causes and consequences of sexual abuse in confinement and to develop standards for correctional facilities nationwide that would help eliminate prison rape. This report presents the findings of the Commission's study, providing information on prevalence, risk factors and vulnerabilities, responding to victims and perpetrators, and the special situations of juvenile offenders and immigrants and detentions. The Commission has also developed new standards for the prevention, detection, response, and monitoring of sexual abuse in adult prisons and jails, juvenile facilities, community corrections, and lockups - these are published separately.

National intimate partner and sexual violence survey: 2010 summary report (PDF)
Basile K
Atlanta, GA : National Centre for Injury Prevention, 2011.

"The primary objectives of the National Intimate Partner and Sexual Violence Survey are to describe: The prevalence and characteristics of sexual violence, stalking, and intimate partner violence, Who is most likely to experience these forms of violence, The patterns and impact of the violence experienced by specific perpetrators, The health consequences of these forms of violence ... This report presents information related to several types of violence that have not previously been measured in a national population-based survey, including types of sexual violence other than rape; expressive psychological aggression and coercive control, and control of reproductive or sexual health. This report also provides the first ever simultaneous national and state-level prevalence estimates of violence for all states. The findings presented in this report are for 2010, the first year of data collection, and are based on complete interviews. Complete interviews were obtained from 16,507 adults (9,086 women and 7,421 men)." - p. 1.

Personal safety survey, Australia, 2005
Australian Bureau of Statistics
Canberra : Australian Bureau of Statistics, c2006.

Information presented in this publication is about men's and women's experience of physical or sexual assault or threat by male and female perpetrators. PSS respondents were asked about their experiences of the different types of violence, since the age of 15, by different types of male and female perpetrators (including current partner, previous partner, boyfriend/girlfriend or date, other known man or woman, and stranger). More detailed information, such as where the incident occurred and what action was taken, was then collected for most recent incident of each of the different types of violence by a male and female perpetrator. Additional information was also collected about respondents experience of current and previous partner violence such as frequency and fears of violence, incidents of stalking and other forms of harassment and general feelings of safety.

Personal safety survey, Australia, 2012
Australian Bureau of Statistics
Canberra, ACT : Australian Bureau of Statistics, 2013.

This document provides information on crime victimisation in Australia. It presents findings from the 2012 Personal Safety Survey on the nature and extent of violence experienced by adults, including sexual assault, sexual threat, physical assault, physical threat, intimate partner violence, and emotional abuse by parter. Information is collected on gender, gender of perpetrator, relationship to perpetrator, most recent incident, characteristics of incident, involvement of alcohol or drugs, help sought or reporting to police, and the consequences of violence, such as time off work, witnessed by children, and separations from partner. Respondants are also asked about their lifetime experience of stalking, their experience of physical and sexual abuse before the age of 15, and general feelings of safety. In 2012, 17,050 men and women completed the survey.

Physical violence.
Australian Bureau of Statistics
Green, Robin, ed. Year book Australia 2008. Canberra, ACT : Australian Bureau of Statistics, 2008. Year book no. 90: 426-430

The ABS Personal Safety Survey of people aged 18 years and over was conducted from August to December 2005, and gathered information about people's feelings of safety and experience of different types of violence, harassment and stalking. Drawing on the Survey data, this article includes a diagram of the experience of violence, statistics of characteristics and location of physical assault incidents, characteristics of victims and perpetrators of physical assault, and the consequences of and responses to physical assault.

Predator or prey?: an exploration of the impact and incidence of sexual assault in West Australian prisons (PDF)
Steels B and Goulding D
Murdoch, W.A. : Centre for Social and Community Research, Murdoch University, 2009.

This report examines the incidence and impact of sexual assault in prisons in West Australia. It presents findings from a research study conducted with ex-prisoners and industry professionals. The study was broad ranging, and looked at: the levels of both reported and unreported sexual assault; the association between self harm, suicide ideation, and sexual assault; the factors that might help reduce the incidence of prison sexual assault; and the types of services that might better assist victims.

Preventing prisoner rape (SA).
Denborough D and Boyd C
Aware : ACSSA newsletter no. 14 Jun 2007: 26-32

In this interview, David Denborough, of the Preventing Prisoner Rape Project in South Australia, discusses the history and work of the Project and what is known about sexual assault in Australian prisons. Though sexual assault in prisons is widespread, there are societal attitudes and myths that consider it is somehow deserved or inevitable. The Project aims to support male prisoners who have been assaulted and provide resources to prison workers in their prevention and intervention work. Ideas for community support groups and programs working with female prisoners are also discussed.

Provocation and self-defence in intimate partner and homophobic homicides (PDF)
Roth L
Sydney : NSW Parliamentary Library Research Service, c2007.

"This paper updates a 1996 briefing paper, which examined the defences of provocation and self-defence in the context of homicides involving intimate partners and homicides in response to homosexual advances."

Rape : a history from 1860 to the present day
Bourke J
London : Virago, 2007.

Analysing historical documents, popular media, case law, and legislation from Australia, Great Britain and the United States, this book examines the nature of rape and the development of rapists in modern society. The book explores the changing attitudes to sexuality, consent, coercion, power, and sexual violence, within the broader community and within specialised settings such as in prisons, during wartime, and in the home. The book concludes with opportunities for change in the future.

Report of the review of allegations of sexual and other abuse in Defence: facing the problems of the past. Vol. 1, General findings and recommendations
Rumble G, McKean M and Pearce D
Canberra, A.C.T. : Dept. of Defence, 2012

This independent review was commissioned to assess allegations of sexual abuse, harassment, bullying, and other forms of abuse in the Australian Department of Defence - in particular, whether each alleged incident appears to have received proper consideration and what action, if any, should be taken in each case. The review was also to consider all options for dealing with such allegations and any systemic issues in current processes which could be further investigated in Phase 2 of the review. These allegations go back 60 years, and involve men, women, children, groups, and individuals. This document includes volume 1 of the review, the supplement to volume 1, and additional material as appendices. The volume 1 report presents the general findings and recommendations of the review, submitted to the Government in October 2011. The supplement describes the work of the review since that time and provides additional commentary in light of findings from the more detailed analysis of allegations. That analysis will be published as volume 2, to be submitted in April 2012.

Rethinking rape law : international and comparative perspectives
Munro V and McGlynn C
Milton Park, England : Routledge, 2010.

"[This book] provides a comprehensive and critical analysis of contemporary rape laws, across a range of jurisdictions. In a context in which there has been considerable legal reform of sexual offences, [this book] engages with developments spanning national, regional and international frameworks. It is only when we fully understand the differences between the law of rape in times of war and in times of peace, between common law and continental jurisdictions, between societies in transition and societies long inured to feminist activism, that we are able to understand and evaluate current practices, with a view to change and a better future for victims of sexual crimes."

Service provision for males who have experienced sexual assault or childhood sexual abuse (PDF)
Chaitowitz B, Van de Graaff S, Herron K and Strong L
Nundah, Qld. : Living Well, c2009.

This report investigates the provision of services in Australia for men who have experienced sexual assault or childhood sexual abuse. It profiles 39 services currently providing services to men, to examine the extent to which services are gender-neutral, male-specific, or provided as an adjunct to female-specific services; barriers to service access; and issues with service provision. The report concludes with recommendations policy and specialist practice.

Sexual Victimization in Prisons and Jails Reported by Inmates, 2008-09 : National Inmate Survey, 2008-09 (PDF)
United States. Bureau of Justice Statistics
US : Bureau of Justice Statistics, 2010.

This report presents data from the National Inmate Survey (NIS), 2008-09, conducted across the United States in state and federal prisons, local jails, and special correctional facilities. A total of 81,566 inmates ages 18 or older wee surveyed. Included are estimates of nonconsensual sexual acts, abusive sexual contacts, inmate-on-inmate and staff sexual misconduct, and level of coercion.

Sexual assault against men
Australian Institute of Criminology
Canberra : Australian Institute of Criminology, 2008.

This sheet presents a chart on the percentage of men experiencing physical or sexual violence or threats of violence. Data is taken from Australian Bureau of Statistics Personal Safety Survey 2005, which found 0.6% of men had experienced sexual assault in the 12 months prior to the survey, with 44% of those assaults being perpetrated by a family member or friend. Also, 5.5% of the male respondents reported experiencing at least one incident of sexual violence since the age of 15.

Strengthening on-the-ground service provision for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander victims/survivors of family violence and sexual assault in Victoria. (PDF)
Aboriginal Family Violence Prevention & Legal Service (Victoria)
Collingwood, Vic. : Aboriginal Family Violence Prevention and Legal Service Victoria, 2010.

This series of policy papers examine how legal services and justice can be improved for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander women and children who are the victims of family violence or sexual assault. This second paper looks at how legal services can be improved in Victoria. Topics include: key issues, service access and barriers, holistic service delivery, Victoria Legal Aid services, services for children, after-hours and crisis support, coordination of law and justice service providers, the integrated family violence strategy, counselling and therapeutic services, sexual assault, women in prison, services for male victims, cultural awareness training, staffing, community legal education, early intervention and prevention, and a women's cultural retreat.

The decline in sexual assaults in men's prisons in New South Wales : a 'systems' approach.
Yap L, Richters J, Butler T, Schneider K, Grant L and Donovan B
Journal of Interpersonal Violence v. 26 no. 15 Oct 2011: 3157-3181

This article investigates the decline in sexual assaults in men's prisons in New South Wales over the last decade. It reviews the rate of decline and the probable causes, drawing on interviews with current and former inmates recruited as part of the Sexual Health and Attitudes of Australian Prisoners study. The article discusses changes in power and control in prisons, generational changes, duty of care, drug abuse, and prisoner attitudes to gender and sexuality.

The nature and extent of sexual assault and abuse in Australia
Tarczon C and Quadara A
Melbourne, Vic. : Australian Institute of Family Studies, 2012.

This ACSSA Resource Sheet summarises the available statistical information about the nature and extent of sexual assault and abuse in Australia. It draws on Australian data sources, and provides information on the prevalence of sexual violence as well as characteristics of victimisation and perpetration. Because sexual assault and abuse are significantly under-reported in these data sets, this Resource Sheet describes the limitations associated with these collections. It also describes how we can use data that examine sexual victimisation in high-risk populations.

The rape and sexual assault of men: a review of the literature (PDF)
Burrowes N and Horvath T
London : Survivors UK, 2013.

This report summarises the international research literature on male rape and sexual assault. Topics include: prevalence, impact on men, protective factors and risk factors, therapeutic work with male survivors, attitudes towards male victims, disclosure, rape and disability, rape and ethnicity, rape and sexual orientation, rape and university students, male rape in prisons, male rape in the military, and the use of male rape in war.

Working with male victim/survivors of sexual assault (Cairns Sexual Assault Service)
Stathopoulos M
Melbourne, Vic : Australian Institute of Family Studies, 2011.

Cairns Sexual Assault Service offers sexual assault counselling to victim/survivors of sexual violence in Far North Queensland. They are funded by Queensland Health and the Department of Communities. In 2010, the Cairns Sexual Assault Service held a forum to inform the community sector that they provide services for male victim/survivors of sexual assault. ACSSA's Mary Stathopoulos interviewed Clare Oppy, the coordinator of the Cairns Sexual Assault Service, and Heather Sinclair, a counsellor with the service, about some of the barriers in men's help-seeking behaviours, the differences and similarities in providing sexual assault counselling for men and women, as well as broader issues concerning equitable funding for men and women. The following conversation sheds light on some of the issues, opportunities and implications of initiating a focus on service provision for male victim/survivors.

Working with male victim/survivors of sexual assault (Living Well)
Stathopoulos M
Melbourne, Vic : Australian Institute of Family Studies, 2011.

The Living Well service, based in Queensland, is dedicated to the provision of a supportive, accessible, respectful, service to men who have experienced child sexual abuse or sexual assault. Mary Stathopoulos, a Research Officer at ACSSA, interviewed Dr Gary Foster, the manager of Living Well, about his insights regarding barriers to disclosure for men, the difficulties faced by individual workers in the field, and the application of feminist principles in providing support for male victim/survivors of sexual assault.

See more resources on Male survivors of sexual assault in the AIFS library catalogue

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