Adult survivors of child sexual abuse bibliography

Subscribe to page updates

What is an
RSS feed?

Sort by:
Report of case study no. 8: Mr John Ellis's experience of the Towards Healing process and civil litigation
McClellanP, Milroy H and Fitzgerald R
Sydney, NSW : Royal Commission into Institutional Responses to Child Sexual Abuse, 2015.

As part of the Royal Commission's investigation of how institutions respond to child sexual abuse abuse, it will conduct case studies of selected incidents to more fully understand the institutional and systemic factors involved. This report examines the Catholic Church's response to a complaint of child sexual abuse by Mr John Ellis and his subsequent litigation. This includes the use of the Catholic Church's 'Towards Healing' protocol. The case study's website also includes transcripts, opening addresses, and witness lists from the related public hearings held in Sydney from 10 to 26 March 2014.

Report of case study no. 5: response of The Salvation Army to child sexual abuse at its boys homes in New South Wales and Queensland
McClellan P, Milroy H and Fitzgerald R
Sydney, NSW : Royal Commission into Institutional Responses to Child Sexual Abuse, 2015.

As part of the Royal Commission's investigation of how institutions respond to child sexual abuse abuse, it will conduct case studies of selected incidents to more fully understand the institutional and systemic factors involved. This report examines The Salvation Army's response to child sexual abuse across four boys' homes in the New South Wales and Queensland towns of Indooroopilly, Riverview, Bexley, and Goulburn. It investigates The Salvation Army's processes to identify, investigate, discipline, remove or transfer persons accused of or found to have engaged in child sexual abuse in the homes; oversight by government agencies; and the movement of accused officers and staff between these homes. Testimony was received from former residents who lived in the homes from the late 1950s until the early 1970s. Note, all of these homes closed down between 1977 and 1983. The case study's website also includes transcripts, opening addresses, and witness lists from the related public hearings held in Sydney from 28 January to 10 February 2014.

Report of case study no. 4: the experiences of four survivors with the Towards Healing process
McClellan P, Milroy H and Fitzgerald R
Sydney, NSW : Royal Commission into Institutional Responses to Child Sexual Abuse, 2015.

As part of the Royal Commission's investigation of how institutions respond to child sexual abuse abuse, it will conduct case studies of selected incidents to more fully understand the institutional and systemic factors involved. This report examines the Catholic Church's 'Towards Healing' protocol, based on the experiences and testimony of four participants. Towards Healing is a set of principles and procedures for a person who wishes to complain of having been sexually abused by a priest or other Catholic Church personnel, and is also one of the methods used by Church bodies to assess risk regarding those still holding a position within the Church. The case study's website also includes transcripts, opening addresses, and witness lists from the related public hearings held in Sydney from 9 to 19 December 2013 and 22 to 24 January 2014.

Experience of police and prosecution responses
Australia. Royal Commission into Institutional Responses to Child Sexual Abuse
Sydney, NSW : Royal Commission into Institutional Responses to Child Sexual Abuse, 2015

As part of the Royal Commission into Institutional Responses to Child Sexual Abuse, this paper invites submissions from the general public on their experiences of reporting institutional child sexual abuse to police, how police responded to the report and the investigation process, preparation for court, and interacting with prosecutors. Submissions are welcome from complainants, family members, witnesses, and support persons, and also legal representatives and service providers. Submissions should be made by Monday 15 June 2015.

Consultation paper: redress and civil litigation (PDF)
Australia. Royal Commission into Institutional Responses to Child Sexual Abuse
Sydney, NSW : Royal Commission into Institutional Responses to Child Sexual Abuse, 2015.

This consultation paper invites public feedback on the issue of redress and civil litigation for the victims of institutional child sexual abuse in Australia. The paper provides background information and introduces the issues and some options regarding justice for victims, the elements of redress, possible structures for redress, re-engagement between survivor and institution, providing and funding counselling and psychological care, monetary payments, civil litigation, limitation periods for civil litigation, and the duty of institutions. Current schemes and services are also discussed.

National Redress Scheme participant and cost estimates (PDF)
Finity Consulting, Australia. Royal Commission into Institutional Responses to Child Sexual Abuse
Sydney, N.S.W. : Royal Commission into Institutional Responses to Child Sexual Abuse, 2015.

A National Redress Scheme is being considered as part of the Royal Commission into Institutional Responses to Child Sexual Abuse, to manage compensation for the victims of institutional child sexual abuse in Australia. To help the Royal Commission with its work, this report was commissioned to estimate possible participant volumes, costs, and funding requirements associated with such a scheme. This includes estimates on the characteristics and counselling needs of claimants, and reviews of current state-based redress schemes.

Report of case study no. 11: Congregation of Christian Brothers in Western Australia response to child sexual abuse at Castledare Junior Orphanage, St Vincent's Orphanage Clontarf, St Mary's Agricultural School Tardun and Bindoon Farm School
McClellan P, Atkinson B and Milroy H
Sydney, NSW : Royal Commission into Institutional Responses to Child Sexual Abuse, 2014.

As part of the Royal Commission's investigation of how institutions respond to child sexual abuse abuse, it will conduct case studies of selected incidents to more fully understand the institutional and systemic factors involved. This report examines 11 men's experiences of childhood abuse and hardship during their time at four residential institutions run by the Congregation of Christian Brothers in Western Australia. The response of the Christian Brothers and state authorities to their allegations of child sexual abuse, and the compensation and healing processes offered, are also examined. The institutions were Castledare Junior Orphanage, St Vincent's Orphanage Clontarf, St Mary's Agricultural School Tardun, and Bindoon Farm School. The case study's website also includes transcripts, opening addresses, and witness lists from the related public hearings held in Perth from 28 April to 7 May 2014.

Report of case study no. 7: child sexual abuse at the Parramatta Training School for Girls and the Institution for Girls in Hay
McClellan P
Sydney, NSW : Royal Commission into Institutional Responses to Child Sexual Abuse, 2014.

As part of the Royal Commission's investigation of how institutions respond to child sexual abuse abuse, it will conduct case studies of selected incidents to more fully understand the institutional and systemic factors involved. This report examines the experience of women who were sexually abused as children, between 1950-1974, while committed in the Parramatta Girls' Training School and the Hay Institution for Girls, both in New South Wales. It discusses the law governing out-of-home care during that period, the harsh disciplinary conditions of the institutes, allegations of physical and sexual abuse against staff, the impact on health and employment, and the issues of reporting and redress. Both institutions closed in 1974 after a public outcry about their conditions. The case study's website also includes transcripts, opening addresses, and witness lists from the related public hearings held in Sydney from 26 February to 3 March 2014.

Statutory victims of crime compensation schemes
Australia. Royal Commission into Institutional Responses to Child Sexual Abuse
Sydney, NSW : Royal Commission into Institutional Responses to Child Sexual Abuse, 2014

As part of the Royal Commission into Institutional Responses to Child Sexual Abuse, this paper invites submissions from institutions and the general public on what institutions and governments should do to address, or alleviate the impact of, past and future child sexual abuse in institutional contexts, including in ensuring justice for victims through the provision of redress by institutions. Submissions should be made by Monday 30 June 2014.

Redress schemes
Australia. Royal Commission into Institutional Responses to Child Sexual Abuse
Sydney, NSW : Royal Commission into Institutional Responses to Child Sexual Abuse, 2014

As part of the Royal Commission into Institutional Responses to Child Sexual Abuse, this paper invites submissions from institutions and the general public on what institutions and governments should do to address, or alleviate the impact of, past and future child sexual abuse in institutional contexts, including in ensuring justice for victims through the provision of redress by institutions. Submissions should be made by Monday 2 June 2014.

Exploring pet loss for survivors of child sexual abuse : a hitherto unchartered terrain of trauma impact and recovery.
Taylor S and Breen L
Child Abuse Review v. 23 no. 5 Sep/Oct 2014: 353-360

There is research literature on the link between survivors of traumatic childhoods and their pets, with one study showing that pets provide unconditional love, security, and a sense of escape for child abuse survivors. Indeed, pets have been described as an integral part of the healing process for many. However, there is little research on the impact of pet death or loss on survivors - or the impact of perpetrators' threats against the pet. This article reviews the available evidence and discusses the implications for trauma recovery.

Report of case study no. 3: Anglican Diocese of Grafton's response to child sexual abuse at the North Coast Children's Home
McClellan P
Sydney, NSW : Royal Commission into Institutional Responses to Child Sexual Abuse, 2014.

As part of the Royal Commission's investigation of how institutions respond to child sexual abuse abuse, it will conduct case studies of selected incidents to more fully understand the institutional and systemic factors involved. This report examines the Anglican Diocese of Grafton's response to child sexual abuse at the North Coast Children's Home, It explores how the Diocese responded when former residents revealed their experience of child sexual abuse after 2005 - for crimes occurring between between 1940 and 1985 - and considers how the Church's structure, policies, and financial arrangements affected the way it managed the abuse claims. The report also examines how the Diocese dealt with the clergy who were accused.

What aspects of counselling facilitate healing from childhood sexual assault for men and women? A phenomenological investigation.
Vilenica S, Shakespeare-Finch J and Obst P
Psychotherapy in Australia v. 20 no. 4 Aug 2014: 12-22

There is no one best-practice treatment modality, supported by the evidence, for working with clients with a history of childhood sexual abuse. However, this article contributes to our understanding of what makes a difference when working with these clients. It presents findings from a study with 32 Australian adults on what were the important components in counselling that helped with their healing. Client specific factors and positive and negative counselling factors are discussed.

Interim report
McClellan P
Sydney, N.S.W. : Royal Commission into Institutional Responses to Child Sexual Abuse, 2014.

This Royal Commission was appointed on 11 January 2013 to inquire into institutional responses to child sexual abuse in Australia. This report presents the interim findings of the Royal Commission. It describes the work that has been completed so far and key learnings to date, and asks for additional time and resources to complete the terms of reference and make more informed recommendations. These matters are discussed in volume 1 of the report; volume 2 shares the stories of people who experienced abuse in residential care, school, juvenile justice, community service, and religious settings.

Sexual revictimisation: individual, interpersonal and contextual factors
Stathopoulos M
Melbourne, Vic. : Australian Institute of Family Studies, 2014.

Sexual revictimisation is a significant issue - people who have experienced child sexual abuse are two to three times more likely to experience subsequent abuse in adolescence or adulthood. This paper summarises what is known about the prevalence of revictimisation and its complex array of risk factors, focusing on vulnerable populations including people with a disability, Indigenous people, and gay and bisexual people. Much of the current research literature focuses on individual risk factors for the victim/survivor, rather than the broader contextual factors that may create vulnerability for certain groups.

Speaking through the silence: adult female survivors of intra-familial child sexual assault envisioning justice and resistance in Australian criminal justice systems
Hudson M
2013.

"This thesis explored the experiences of adult survivors of intra-familial child sexual assault and the experiences of victimisation, and perceptions of justice, that influence their decision making behaviour as adults. Utilising feminist epistemology and social constructivism, this research examined the lived experiences of adult survivors of intra-familial CSA, as well the views of expert stakeholders who work in a legal, advocacy or welfare capacity with survivors. Twenty two adult survivors completed questionnaires, and fifteen survivors participated in narrative interviews. Nine stakeholder groups also answered semi-structured interviews. Results from the research established the nexus between early experiences of long term intra-familial CSA and bystander denial within the family ... These findings highlighted the compatibility of survivors' justice needs with the development of specialist courts, with a few caveats. In order for specialist courts to address survivors' justice visions, a principle of non-adversarialism must be explored, with an incorporation of restorative justice values."--Author abstract.

Child sexual abuse : summary of adult survivors' therapeutic needs.
Quadara A, Higgins D, Nagy V, Lykhina A and Wall L
CFCA Connect 26 Aug 2013

Written for practitioners, this article briefly outlines what is known about: child sexual abuse, effective interventions, and the elements of a comprehensive service system. Links to further resources on these aspects are included.

Addressing the needs of women in prison with histories of sexual abuse.
Stathopoulos M
Penal Reform International Blog 4th Dec 2013

Women prisoners bring unique characteristics to custodial environments, with many having experienced child sexual abuse or adult sexual and physical victimisation. Unfortunately, prison environments can be devastating for people with a history of sexual victimisation, exacerbating trauma and engendering revictimisation. This blog post highlights this issue, and directs readers to a 2012 paper by the Australian Centre for the Study of Sexual Assault, "Addressing women's victimisation histories in custodial settings".

Civil litigation
Australia. Royal Commission into Institutional Responses to Child Sexual Abuse
Sydney, NSW : Royal Commission into Institutional Responses to Child Sexual Abuse, 2013.

All states and territories provide a system of out of home care for children who are unable to live at home. As part of the Royal Commission into Institutional Responses to Child Sexual Abuse, this paper invites submissions from institutions and the general public on possible reforms to improve the effectiveness of the civil litigation systems, regarding resolving claims for damages for child sexual abuse in institutional contexts. Submissions should be made by 17 March 2014.

Adults as grown-up children - a perspective on children's rights.
Ross H
Australian Journal of Family Law v. 27 no. 3 Nov 2013: 235-261

This article examines the implications for children's civil law rights of the idea that adults are grown-up children. Individuals exist in a developmental continuum, conditioned by experiences they have undergone in childhood. It is maintained that when limitation laws bar adult claimants from pursuing claims in civil law in respect of wrongs committed against them when they were children, what are being forestalled are claims in respect of violated children's rights. In many jurisdictions, including Scotland, limitation laws do not properly address the special difficulties faced by adults as grown-up children and the disabilities, incapacities and vulnerabilities that beset adults as a consequence of abusive childhood experiences. Adult survivors of childhood abuse suffer from incapacities that often prevent them from pursuing civil law redress in time to avoid the guillotining effect of limitation laws. Ultimately, it is argued that in the context of adult survivors' claims in respect of childhood abuse such laws are an unjust impediment to the proper exercise and enforcement of rights that accrued in childhood.

Modelling the relationship between child abuse and long-term health care costs and wellbeing : results from an Australian community-based survey.
Reeve R and van Gool K
Economic Record v. 89 no. 286 Sep 2013: 300-318

This article looks at the long-term economic and welfare costs of childhood abuse. Using data from the 2007 National Survey of Mental Health and Wellbeing, the article investigates the association between types of childhood abuse, number of health conditions, and health care spending. Health conditions include mental illness, physical illness, attempted suicide, and drug and alcohol abuse.

Childhood sexual abuse and adult developmental outcomes : findings from a 30-year longitudinal study in New Zealand.
Fergusson D, McLeod G and Horwood L
Child Abuse and Neglect v. 37 no. 9 Sep 2013: 664-674

Childhood sexual abuse is associated with a range of adverse outcomes in adulthood. This article adds to the research evidence with a study of a wide range of outcomes over a protracted period of time. Using data from the Christchurch Health and Development Study, a 30-year longitudinal study from New Zealand, it compares reported child sexual abuse and subsequent mental health, wellbeing, relationship quality, self esteem, sexual risk taking, unplanned pregnancies, physical health and use of health services, school completion, income, and welfare dependence to age 30.

No one noticed, no one heard: a study of disclosures of childhood abuse
Allnock D and Miller P
London : NSPCC, c2013.

"This report describes the childhood experiences of abuse of young men and women [in Great Britain] and how they disclosed this abuse and sought help. Researchers interviewed 60 young adults (aged 18-24 years) who had experienced high levels of different types of abuse and violence during childhood. The young adults were asked whether they had tried to tell anyone about what was happening to them, and what had happened as a result of their disclosures. Although much research suggests that few children disclose sexual abuse, in this study over 80% had tried to tell someone about the abuse."

Whispering to horses : childhood sexual abuse, depression and the efficacy of equine facilitated therapy.
Signal T, Taylor N, Botros H, Prentice K and Lazarus K
Sexual Abuse in Australia and New Zealand v. 5 no. 1 Jun 2013: 24-32

Animal Assisted Therapy has been found to be a useful addition in therapeutic treatment plans. In Queensland, one sexual assault referral centre is currently using horses - Equine Facilitated Therapy - in its child sexual abuse therapeutic program. This article evaluates the impact of this therapy on depressive symptoms among a group of child, adolescent, and adult survivors of child sexual abuse. Participants included 15 children (aged 8-11 years), 15 adolescents (aged 12-17 years) and 14 adults (aged 19-50 years) with 10 of the 44 participants identifying as Indigenous Australians.

Stories of strength: report on child sexual abuse & community recommendations for prevention (PDF)
Peace Over Violence (Organization), 1in6 Inc.
Los Angeles, Calif. : Peace Over Violence, 2013

This report presents recommendations for addressing child sexual abuse prevention in Los Angeles, United States. It draws upon research with traditionally excluded or marginalized groups, including deaf survivors, female gang-affiliated survivors, and male survivors.

The long-term effects of child sexual abuse
Cashmore J and Shackel R
Melbourne, Vic. : Australian Institute of Family Studies, 2013.

This paper reviews recent Australian and international research on the long-term effects of child sexual abuse. Information is presented on what is known about the impact on mental health, behaviour problems, suicide, risk taking, personal relationships, criminality, and physical health, as well as gender differences in outcomes and the methodological issues posed by this area of research. This paper aims to assist practitioners and policy-makers in understanding the significant findings from this large and sometimes complex body of research.

Bridges to adulthood: understanding the lifelong influence of men's childhood experiences of violence : analyzing data from the International Men and Gender Equality Survey (IMAGES)
Contreras J
Washington, DC : International Center for Research on Women ; Rio de Janeiro : Instituto Promundo, 2012.

This report explores the prevalence and nature of violence against boys in low- and middle-income countries, and its impacts into adulthood. Data is taken from the International Men and Gender Equality Survey (IMAGES) for six countries: Brazil, Chile, Croatia, India, Mexico and Rwanda. Information is presented for: childhood exposure to violence, including domestic violence, child sexual abuse, and bullying; protective factors; and the influence of childhood violence on adult attitudes to gender and gender roles, adulthood criminal behaviour and paying for sex, relationship dynamics and parenting, men's health, and intimate partner violence. The implications for action are also discussed.

The role of ritual in the organised abuse of children.
Salter M
Child Abuse Review v. 21 no. 6 Nov/Dec 2012: 440-451

This article presents a theoretical model of ritual abuse, where ritual is used as a strategy that enjoins the participation of victims in organised abuse whilst simultaneously legitimising the abuse for the perpetrators. The theory is developed through the case studies with 16 adults in New South Wales who experienced organised ritual abuse in childhood.

Addressing women's victimisation histories in custodial settings
Stathopoulos M, Quadara A, Fileborn B and Clark H
Melbourne, Vic. : Australian Institute of Family Studies, 2012.

This paper reviews the research literature on female prisoners who are also victim/survivors of sexual violence. It begins by exploring how sexual abuse in childhood or adulthood affects the experiences of female offenders in a prison setting, then discusses challenges in addressing these women's needs, as well as trauma-informed and gender-responsive approaches to care and practice.

Improving policy and practice responses for men sexually abused in childhood
Foster G, Boyd C and O'Leary P
Melbourne : Australian Institute of Family Studies, 2012.

This paper explores how best to improve policy and practice for male victim/survivors of childhood sexual abuse. It reviews the prevalence and effects of male childhood sexual abuse, barriers to disclosure, and men's preferred methods of coping, before discussing service development strategies. The authors suggest that conceptualising and responding to male sexual victimisation as a public health issue will help to improve community responses to men and their families.

See more resources on Adult survivors of child sexual abuse in the AIFS library catalogue

Return to Bibliographies Menu

Top